The Moors and Christians festivities in Jávea they are celebrated from 1978, in comparison with other celebrations we could say that it is a young tradition although not with less history than others. The celebration of the Moors and Christians festivities in Jávea is celebrated in the month of July, normally the third weekend, and its patron saint is San Jaime.
To know the complete program of these parties based on the historical recreation of the arrival of the Moors to our territory you can consult at this link the events and schedules that 2019 will perform this year with the celebration of its 41 anniversary.
This party has a curious history both in its creation, in 1978, and in its evolution. In the words of one of its founders, José Cardona (El Rull), the beginning was for the reason of observing that in other places this celebration was taking place, «Paco Ferrer, Pepe Such, Juanjo Rodríguez and José Cardona, a server, we had the idea of promoting the Festival of Moors in Jávea».
Then the first Filà Mora de Jávea was born, the Filà Jalufos. The first and only filà that paraded for the first time, in 1978, through the streets of Jávea. Three months after creating the Filà they decided to parade in the parade of the patron festivities of the port. The novelty of a Filà Mora in this act captivated all the spectators. A year later, at 1979, they decided to parade at the San Juan festivities, which caused great excitement among the public.
Already in 1980, the Festival Commission of the Frechinal neighborhood invited the Filà Jalufos to parade on their floats. As the Fogueres festeros did not let them parade in their festivities due to the slowness of their march and to subtract protagonism from the festeros, the Jalufos decided to transfer the parades to the patron festivities of Aduanas del Mar. That same year the Filà Cristiana Trabuquers. With two strands the Festival of Moors and Christians was traditionally fulfilled. In 1981 some festeros of Customs are against to parade in their cavalcades because a pagan party can take protagonism to a Christian. From there, the party begins to grow and each year there is creation of new filaes.
In 1982, the Filà Mora Almoradins and the mayor of the moment, Enrique Bas EspinósHe advised them to look for another date to celebrate their party. He also proposed to subsidize them if they held the party in the month of July for the festival of San Jaime in order to promote the party in relation to tourism. In 1983 the parties are prepared and another Christian filà is founded Ballesters. In July of that year, there were two parades with black and two Christian lines, creating great excitement among tourists. The festivities of Moors and Christians are also legalized with statutes before the civil government of Alicante and presented as the Central Meeting of Moors and Christians of Jávea. The first president of the Management Board was José Such Martínez and the secretary, Jaime Martín Villalba Medina.
In the 1985 year a Filà Mora called Tuareg formed by some members of the Commission of Festivities of the Fogueres of the Frechinal sector but that same year it disappeared. The following year, 1986, Vicente Montaner leaves the Filà Almoradins to form the Filà Mora Negres that disappeared in the 1991 year. Following in the 1986 several filaes are founded: Filà Mora Baharis (which means sailors), the Filà Mora of women called Xabiquies that the following year, and that of a group of young people, almost all of them members of other filaes, the Filà Mora Almoriscos.
In the 1995 year there are also some changes in the filaes, José Vicente Castell leaves the Filà Ballesters to form the Filà Cristiana Els Castellers that would disappear in 1999. On the other hand, Vicente Teruel and José Cardona leave the Filà Jalufos to form along with other former members of the Filà, the Filà Al-Tarik's. The year 1997 also caused a change in the festivities of Moors and Christians, incorporating the figures of the mora and Christian flag-bearers, position held that year by Ana Parrilla Carrasco (mora) and Sara Junquera Rodríguez (Christian).
In February of 1996, the first parties of the "Mig Any" are promoted, a celebration that is celebrated with a gala dinner to remember the events that have taken place and new projects for July, as well as awards and distinctions. In the 1998 year, for the first time, a Christian Filà composed of fifth and fifth of the San Juan fiestas called Pirates of Sant Jaume i Sant Joan. In the year 2000 three filaes are created, the Christian Contrabandistes de Xàbia and Almogavers and the Filà Schaitans of the Moor side. In the 2003 year the festivities of Moors and Christians celebrated their 25 anniversary, it is worth mentioning that that year the captaincy belonged to the Filà Contrabandistes Xàbia but they gave the honor to the Filà Jalufos for being the pioneers of this festival and to be the first filà that was created in Jávea. In this year, the founding fathers presented a great pageant of captaincy.
Filaes that make up the Moors and Christians Festivities
Currently, in 2019, the lines that make up the Moor and Christian bands are 11, a number that has grown significantly in recent years since the 1997 year the woman joined a party in which until now had no representation.
Pirates of Sant Jaume
Appointment of captaincies, captains and flaggers
Each year there are two flaggers, one black and one Christian, which are rotating and are followed by filà en filà. In addition, there is a filà capitana to which is assigned by alternate rotating order between the Moor and Christian camp.
The captains are the protagonists of the party, always accompanied by their flag-bearers, and they are those who shine at the top of the floats in the parade.
In the celebration of the Mig Any in the month of February, the captains and flag-bearers elected by each rank that holds the position are officially presented.
One of the most outstanding acts and that an influx of public congregates, besides the parades, is the representation of the invasion of the 'Moors' to the coast. The landing surprise all the attendees with the arrival of several boats by sea while from the Grava beach it is shot with arquebuse, on the part of the Christian side, simulating the defense of the territory. Then the battle between both sides is made in which the surrender of the castle is made.
Acts of the Moors and Christians festivities
These festivities, in addition to the recreational part of the Moorish history, also have their religious part as well as their showiness in all the urban centers of Xàbia. On one side, les filaes they offer flowers to their patron, the mass in honor of San Jaime and in memory of their deceased festeros and parade, not only for the sailor district where the majority of events are concentrated but also for the Paseo de la Arenal Beach and through the streets of the historic center.